King's Cup - 1922

All Aviators who took part in the 1922 King's Cup Race

- click on aviator's name for full biography

  • -King's Cup - 1922


     Click here to see the Newsreel!  

    Friday 8 and Saturday 9 September, 1922. Croydon

    Story of the race:

    "The aviation community... is to be regarded as a band of pioneers. In 1909 or thereabouts they had to demonstrate to a doubting world that flying was possible. Today they are faced with the no less difficult task of proving to a sceptical world that flying is safe, that it is reliable and that it is commercially useful"

    Pilot: click on links for more Aircraft    Race No Fate
      Sqn-Ldr Harold J Payn Avro Baby G-EAUM

    First Reg. 12 Jul 1920

    Owned by A.V Roe & Co; LER Bellairs & FG Miles; RA Whitehead; HH Leech; HRA Edwards; R Brown; GL Young

    Wfu 8 Nov 34

    1 retired Glasgow - magneto trouble
      Flt-Lt Walter TH Longton Sopwith Gnu G-EAGP

    First Reg. 12 Jul 1919

    Owned by Sopwith Aviation & Engineering Co Ltd; Lt Col FK McLean; Maj SA Packman; Southern Counties Aviation Co

    Crashed Kings Lynn 2 May 26

    3 7th
      Mr Charles R Carr Avro 504K G-EADA

    First Reg. 29 May 1919

    Owned by A.V Roe & Co

    Canc. 1924

    4 forced landing at Halifax
      Lt-Col Spenser DA Grey Blackburn Kangaroo G-EAMJ

    'Felix the Cat'

    First Reg. 8 Sep 1919

    Owned by 'North Sea Aerial Navigation Co

    Wfu 2.2.29 scrapped Sherburn

    5 Officially, retired Newcastle - could not reach Glasgow before dark - but see below.
      Mr C T Holmes Boulton & Paul P.9 G-EASJ

    First Reg Apr 1920

    Owned by Brig Gen JG Weir; FT Courtney; Henderson Flying School Ltd

    Sold South Africa 1.28

    6 9th
      Mr R W Kenworthy Blackburn Kangaroo G-EAIU


    First Reg 1 Aug 1919

    Owned by North Sea Aerial Navigation Co Ltd

    Wfu 19.4.29 Scrapped Sherburn


    Officially, retired Newcastle - could not reach Glasgow before dark.

    [Actually, He and Spencer Grey started out the next morning at daybreak (having been assured that they were still in the race) and plodded 'like the tortoise' to Manchester, where they discovered that "the hare had been very much awake and had already won the race. We therefore made for Croydon."]

      Col John E Tennant Boulton & Paul P.9 G-EAWS

    First Reg. 21 Apr 1921

    Owned by Bolton & Paul

    Canc 15.5.29

    8 10th
      Capt S Cockerell Vickers Vulcan G-EBEM

    First Reg. Apr 1922

    Owned by D Vickers MP; L Hamilton

    Lost at sea off Italian coast 5.7.26

    9 8th
      Capt Frank C Broome Avro 545 G-EAPR

    First Reg. 21.11.19

    Owned by A V Roe & Co

    Wfu .27 rebuilt as 586 G-EBTX .27

    10 retired section 1
      Flt-Lt Rollo AW deHaga Haig Bristol Monoplane G-EAVP

    First Reg 28.09.20

    Owned by EG Chapman

    Crashed nr Chertsey 23.6.23

    11 retired Aylesbury - engine trouble
      Mr F P Raynham Martinsyde F.6 G-EBDK

    First Reg. 16.06.22

    Owned by Martinsyde Ltd; FP Raynham; LCGM Le Champion; Leslie Hamilton; Maj JC Savage

    Dismantled Brooklands 4.30

    12 2nd
      Mr Cyril F Uwins Bristol 10-seater G-EBEV

    'City of Bristol'

    First Reg 22.08.22

    Owned by Bristol Aeroplane Co Ltd; Instone Air Line Ltd; Imperial Airways Ltd

    Wfu .25 Canc 3.1.27

    13 retired section 1
      F/O Leslie Hamilton D.H.9c G-EBAX

    First Reg. 05.01.22

    Owned by de Havilland Aircraft Co

    Canc 23.4.24

    14 6th
      Mr Alan J Cobham D.H.9b G-EAAC


    First Reg 30.04.19

    Owned by Aircraft Transport & Travel Ltd; Aircraft Manufacturing Co; de Havilland Aircraft Co Ltd

    Wfu 28.1.33
    15 3rd
      Mr A F Muir D.H.9 G-EBEP

    First Reg. 25.09.22

    Owned by The Duke of Sutherland; Surrey Flying Services Ltd

    Crashed Saunderstead Surrey 17.11.28

    16 11th
      Mr Alan S Butler D.H.37 G-EBDO

    'Sylvia' later 'Lois'

    First Reg. 22.06.22

    Owned by AS Butler

    Crashed Ensbury Park Bournemouth 4.6.27

    17 5th
      Mr M M Piercey D.H.9 G-EBEN

    First Reg. 24.08.22

    Owned by Aircraft Disposal Co Ltd; British & Egyptian Tea Co Ltd

    Sold abroad 3.12.24

    18 4th
      Mr Herbert H Perry D.H.9a G-EBCG


    First Reg. 01.04.22

    Owned by Aircraft Disposal Co Ltd

    Canc 5.1.27

    19 retired section 1
      Mr Cyril C Turner S.E.5a G-EBDU

    'The Sweep'

    First Reg. 28.06.22

    Owned by Maj JC Savage

    Canc 2.6.24 Scrapped Hendon

    20 retired section 1
      Capt Frank L Barnard D.H.4a G-EAMU

    'City of Cardiff' later 'City of York'

     First Reg. 11.09.19

    Owned by Instone Air Line Ltd; Imperial Airways Ltd

    Wfu 11.3.24

    21 Winner
      Capt Frank T Courtney Siskin II G-EBEU

    First Reg. 21.08.22

    Owned by Sir WG Armstrong Whitworth Aircraft Ltd

    Canc 11.8.25

    22 retired Glasgow - broken fitting

    Starters: 21 (out of 23 entrants)

    Did not start:

    Mr Bert JL Hinkler Avro 534c Baby G-EAXL 2 withdrawn due to crash in Southampton before race
    Mr H C Biard Supermarine Sea Lion   23 stuck in Mediterranean after Schneider Trophy win

    Finishers: 11

  • -The Aviators

    The Aviators

  • Barnard, Franklyn Leslie

      Capt Franklyn Leslie Barnard OBE AFC

       photo: 1925, aged 29      franklyn barnard


     Winner of the first King's Cup in 1922. "an exceptional pilot - careful, skilful, and daring" and "his ability as an engineer was fully equal to his skill as a pilot".

    b. 1896; his father, Owen Barnard, was a stockbroker's clerk (and not related to Charles Barnard's father).

    AFC in WWI; chief pilot for Instone (later) Imperial Airways. OBE in 1927.

    Killed in July 1927 while testing propellers for the Bristol Badminton which he had entered for the King's Cup Race, which crashed at Filton after the engine seized. Major Beaumont, appearing for Imperial Airways at the inquest, said the company felt it had "lost one of the world's magnificent airmen".


    It is with profound regret that we have to record the death, as the result of a flying accident on Thursday, July 28, of Capt. F. L. Barnard.

    Capt. Barnard—one of our mostexperienced and popular pilots—was carrying out a test flight on the Bristol " Badminton " ("Jupiter VI ") biplane, which had been entered for the King's Cup Air Race, at Filton aerodrome, when, according to eyewitnesses, the engine suddenly stopped and the machine crashed to the ground just outside the 'drome from a height of about 200 ft. When a number of people who had been watching the flight arrived in the field where the machine had crashed, the latter was found completely wrecked, with the engine embedded in the ground, and the unfortunate pilot lying in the cockpit beyond human aid.

    From evidence at the inquest, which was held on July 29, it appears that when Capt. Barnard's engine failed, he put the machine into normal gliding angle and attempted to land. While manoeuvring to do so, the machine lost flying speed and stalled from about 80 ft. Capt. Barnard had already made three other test flights on the machine, trying out different airscrews.

    Capt. Barnard's loss to the aviation world is a great one indeed, for he was an exceptional pilot, careful, skilful, and daring—but daring only when flying alone or testing. He served in the Air Force during the war, and was awarded the Air Force Cross. Following the Armistice he was pilot to No. 24 Communication Squadron, when he carried many distinguished personages to and from the Continent. He then became associated with Instone Air Lines, and later, when Imperial Airways was formed, was their chief pilot.

    His skill as a pilot was such that he was entrusted with many important aerial missions—the most conspicuous of which was the piloting of the Imperial Airways D.H. "Hercules" air liner, carrying Sir Samuel Hoare, Lady Maud Hoare and party from London to Cairo on the inaugural flight of the Egypt-India service. He also, it will be remembered, took part in previous King's Cup races, being the winner in1922 and 1925, and flying last year the Bristol " Badminton "in its original form.

    Capt. Barnard leaves a widow and young son, to whom, in common with his many, many friends, we offer our deepest sympathy." - 'Flight'


  • Biard, Henri Charles Amedie de la Faye

      Capt Henri Charles Amedie de la Faye Biard

      1912, aged 20

    mini_-_c_biard.jpg  c.1934, aged 42.

    Henri_Biard_0906-0082.jpg Henri_Biard_0908-0050.jpg

    From Jersey; a very early flier, test pilot for Supermarine.

    Schneider Trophy pilot in 1922, 23 and 25 (during which he crashed, "making a huge hole in the sea", but emerged merely slightly dazed).

    His autobiography is called, er, 'Wings' (1934).


  • Broome, Frank Crossley Griffiths

     Capt Frank Crossley Griffiths Broome

      photo: 1917, when a Lieutenant in the Army Service Corps, aged 25

    Vickers test pilot - he and Stanley Cockerell (q.v.) were known as the 'Heavenly Twins'; Frank served under Stanley in WWI; when Frank married Miss Ismay Lermitte in Colchester in 1920, Capt. S. Cockerell, A.F.C., was best man.

    He and CJQ Brand were in the same squadron in WWI.

    In 1920 the Heavenly Twins were the pilots of the attempt, organised by The Times, to make the first flight from Cairo to the Cape. The Vimy Commercial aeroplane left Brooklands on January 24 but crashed at Tabora [Tanganyika] on February 27. They finally reached the Cape "after a series of undeserved misfortunes".

    Frank Crossley Griffiths Broome - born in London (St Pancras) in 1892. He enlisted in the Army Service Corps. Won DFC, and AFC.
    Youngest son of Frank Broome, and lived at Winterbourne, Weybridge.
    He married Ismay Lermitte, daughter of Lt Col Lermitte (deceased) of Woodhouse, Great Horkesley at All Saints Church on August 17th 1920.

    At the wedding ceremony, the cake was adorned with the silver Vickers Vimy, which had been presented to him by The Times newspaper, to commemorate his 1920 Africa flight (in Silver Queen II) The purpose was to test the feasibility of the Cape to Cairo route, and was sponsored by the newspaper. The plane crashed, and it sounds as though the expedition was an arduous one.

    Later the same crew of Captain Cockerell, Captain Broome and ex Sgt Major James Wyatt crashed in a seaplane in March 15th 1922, about four miles from Hastings.

    Broome also flew with 112 Sqn, based at Throwley. On the night of 19/20 May 1918, he was one of dozens of pilots that took off against a wave of Gothas and Giants which attacked the UK. Broome didn't see them, but fellow sqn pilot CJQ Brand bagged a Gotha that night.


  • Butler, Alan Samuel

    Mr Alan Samuel Butler J.P.

    photo: 1921, aged 23

    Chairman of de Havilland; the story goes that in 1921 he asked the one-year old de Havilland Aircraft Company to build a fast two-passenger touring aeroplane to his specification,

    and stumped up £3,000 for them to do it. The money saved the company from extinction and they appointed him to the board of directors forthwith. He held the position until he retired in 1950.

    The aeroplane became the DH37, (which he named, firstly, 'Sylvia' after his sister, then, rather diplomatically, 'Lois', after his wife, q.v.), which he entered in the very first King's Cup Race in 1922 and again in 1924, coming third.

    He and Lois set up a world speed record of 120mph for 1000 km in 1928, and they also flew to Cape Town together .

    Entered the MacRobertson Race in 1934 (assigned No 59) but didn't take part.

    Was still aviating in 1970.

  • Carr, Charles Roderick

     Sir Charles Roderick Carr KBE CB DFC AFC

    photo: 1916, when a Flight Sub-Lieut. in the Royal Navy, aged 25

    photo: 1947, aged 56

    Born Feilding, New Zealand.

    Part of Shackleton's last Antarctic expedition in 1921, later Air Marshall RAF and Chief of the Indian Air Force.


  • Cobham, Alan John

     Mr (Sir) Alan John Cobham KBE AFC

      in c.1934, aged c.40

     Alan Cobham

    see: Alan Cobham's Flying Circus


  • Cockerell, Stanley

     Capt Stanley Cockerell AFC, Croix de Guerre (Belgium)

    photo: 1930, aged 33

    b. 9 Feb 1895, the 'willowy' Vickers chief test pilot - he and his assistant Frank Broome (q.v.) were known as the 'Heavenly Twins'.

    RFC in WWI (7 victories).

    Married Miss Lorna Lockyer in 1921.

    Killed in WWII: on the 29th November 1940, when the Running Horse(s?) Pub in Erith was bombed.

    His 6-year-old daughter Kathleen also died and they were buried at the church of Saint Mary, Sunbury on Thames.

    Lorna also died during the Blitz. Some children survived and were split up and most were adopted, losing touch with each other.

  • Courtney,  Frank Thomas

     Capt Frank Thomas Courtney

            photo: 1972, holding the King's Cup at the RAF Museum, Hendon, aged 78

     An Irishman and early aviator; he test-flew the prototype D.H.18 - de Havilland's first purpose-designed airliner - in March 1920 and often flew it in service.

    Also flew in the 1929 Cleveland National Air Races. Also flew the Cierva autogyro in 1925, (but not in the King's Cup)

  • Foot, Ernest Leslie

     Lt Ernest Leslie Foot MC


    photo: 1915, aged 20


    b. 19 May 1895 in Pulborough, Sussex

    WWI ace (5 victories), awarded the Military Cross for 'conspicuous skill and gallantry'.

    G-EAVP Bristol M1

    d. 23 June 1923 when the Bristol M.1D G-EAVP (which flew in both the Aerial Derby and the King's Cup in 1922) lost a wing and crashed near Chertsey.


  • Grey, Spenser Douglas Adair

      Lt-Col Spenser Douglas Adair Grey


    photo: 1911, when a Lieut in the Royal Navy, aged 22



    born in Rio de Janeiro; later a Wing Commander; DSM, Order of Leopold of Belgium, Croix de Guerre.

    Died in 1937

    Spenser Grey - Wikipedia


  • Haig, Rollo Amyatt Wolseley de Haga

     Mr Rollo Amyatt Wolseley de Haga Haig AFC


     1916, when a captain in the Royal Gloucester Regt, aged 22

  • Hamilton, Leslie

      F/O Leslie Hamilton




    A stunt pilot known as the 'Flying Gypsy'; RAF in WWI (6 victories in Greece) who was Princess Anne Lowenstein-Wortheim's pilot after the war.

    He and his friends piled into his Vickers Viking flying-boat G-EBED in 1927 (the same year it was written off, btw) to fly from the Swiss Winter Sports' Season to spend a holiday on the French Riviera." - see the video here: By Air To Anywhere - British Pathé (

    They, together with Fred Minchin (left), were killed when trying to cross the Atlantic from East to West in 1927.

    For a video of them and the aeroplane, see the middle bit here: Old Flying Stories - British Pathé (

    [The rest of it shows Walter Hinchliffe's preparations for a planned similar flight with Charles Levine (qv)].


  • Hinkler, Herbert John Louis

      Sqn Ldr Herbert John Louis Hinkler


    photo: 1927, aged 35


     Australian 'Lone Eagle', aviation pioneer, killed in a crash in Italy in 1933


  • Holmes, Cyril Thomas

      Flt Lt Cyril Thomas Holmes




    An AT&T pilot, then one of the original captains of KLM, then a flying instructor in the Reserve of Air Force Officers (RAFO)


  • Kenworthy, Reginald Watson

      Mr Reginald Watson Kenworthy




    An aeronautical Engineer from Yorkshire, b. 1892. RAeC Certificates 1222 (1915) and 15944 (1938). Test pilot for Blackburn until 1925.

    Schneider Trophy pilot in 1923 in the Blackburn 'Pellet'; he had a lucky escape when during take-off "The starboard wing tip float touched, and the machine turned over on its nose and sank. For what seemed a very long time there was no sign of the pilot, and fears were entertained that he had not been able to extricate himself. Suddenly, however, he appeared, bobbing up like a cork, and climbing on top of the wreck was picked up by one of the many motor launches which sped to his assistance as soon as the crash occurred. He promptly fainted on getting safely on to the wreckage, but was soon revived and brought back to his hotel, nursed by Mrs. Kenworthy, who. was in the motor launch Vivid which was among those standing by. He had had quite a marvellous escape, and seemed none the worse for his experience. It was stated that someone actually timed Kenworthy, who was said to have been under water for 61 seconds. He later related how, when the machine turned turtle, he found himself inside the cockpit with his head on the floor and his feet pointing towards the cockpit opening, which he could dimly see. Holding his nose with one hand he wriggled free and shot to the surface."


  • Longton, Walter Hunt

      Flt-Lt (later Sqn-Ldr) Walter Hunt Longton

      1916, aged 24


     'Scruffie' Longton, from Lancashire. 11 victories in WWI flying SE5s; DFC and bar.

    Well known pre-war motor-cycling, and post-war aeroplane racer; whilst practising for the Bournemouth Air Meeting in April 1927, his aeroplane was hit by "one or two charges of shot from a sporting gun", possibly in protest at flying races on a Good Friday. A reward of £25 was offered for the detection of the culprit.

    He was killed soon after - June 1927 - in a mid-air collision at the Bournemouth Whitsun Meeting, flying the prototype Bluebird.

    "Every aircraft constructor knew that 'Longton's opinion' was worth having on anything new." C G Grey


  • Muir, A F

      Capt A F Muir





  • Payn, Harold James

      Sqn-Ldr Harold James Payn

      1916, when a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers, aged 29



    Test pilot for the Air Ministry; AFC 1923


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